Construction Methods

Architectural Significance of the Barn

The barn is a nine bay aisled barn with two wagon entrances (midstreys) facing out to the farmyard on the eastern side. The barn is 150 feet (9 rods, 45m.) long and 33 feet (2 rods, 10m.) wide.

The timber is all oak with some pieces of reworked oak. The original framework, comprising arcade posts with tie beams linked by arcade plates, dates from the mid 16th century. Arcade plate lengths are jointed with 'face halved and bladed scarfs with the blades half housed at the alternate face and soffit' scarf joints. The form of the two side aisles has seen modification over the years. Redundant mortices suggest that curved rear shores extended from the arcade posts to an aisle tie. Forelock bolts connected later aisle tie replacements midway up the arcade posts.

The present roof framework shows queen posts with a collar which supports trapped or clasped purlins. Windbraces extend from the principal rafters. There is speculation that this may not be the original roof configuration. The arcade posts have plain jowls where multiple mortice and tenon joints accommodate the arcade plate, tie beam and the principal rafter. The original roof covering could have been either clay tiles or longstraw thatch.

The barn contains many fascinating individual features such as carpenters' marks, datum marks, shoring notches, spigot candle scorches, handmade nails and original bark.


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